[23] During the dry season, there is migration from the rural areas into the urban ones as most agricultural work takes place during the rainy season. The state covers a territory of 5,455 km2 and is the fourth smallest federal entity after Tlaxcala, Morelos and the Federal District of Mexico City, containing only 0.3% of the country's total territory. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. It includes parades, dances, fireworks, and jaripeos. Discover the meaning of the Alvarez name on Ancestry®. [35], The state has 307 preschools, 510 primary schools, 131 middle schools and 57 high school and vocational level schools. Over 91% of the population over the age of 15 is literate. [21], The Chanal site was active from the 6th to the 15th centuries and was the main culture for the Colima area. A distinctive feature of the site are stones with glyphs that are found on stairways. Comala was named a "Pueblo Mágico" in 2002 because of its natural surroundings and traditional architecture, which its downtown declared a historic monument. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. French troops entered the city in 1864, dissolving the state congress, with Colima becoming a department in 1865. [21], During the Mexican Revolution, there were no major battles but there were local clashes. "[47][48] A third interpretation is based on an interpretation of Colima's glyph as it appears in the Nomina and Mendocino codices, which has a bent arm with the hand turned and water on the shoulder. 20.4% in commerce, restaurants and hotels, 15.9% in transportation, storage and communications, 11.1% in finance, insurance and real estate, 9.5% in electricity, gas and water services, 5.7% in manufacturing, 5.1% in construction, 4.9% in agriculture and livestock and 3.8% in mining. Meaning: An active volcano in southwestern Mexico. It is bounded by the states of Jalisco to the northwest and north and Michoacán to the east and by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. Meaning of volcan de colima. Santiago in the municipality of Manzanillo is noted for crafts made of seashell and snail shells. It was originally made part of the diocese of Valladolid (Morelia). There are 191.5 km of railway with fifteen active stations. A very early culture in Colima was Capacha culture, developing in the region between 2000 and 1200 BCE. It is part of a pairing with the Nevado de Colima, the female volcano friend. [21], In the early 19th century, the commercial port of Manzanillo was opened to domestic and international traffic for a brief time. [22], High school level education is available in all regions of the state, with just under sixty percent of those starting a program finishing it, with most that do not dropping out. [19] Most of Colima's agriculture is based on perennial plants, such as fruit trees, producing limes, coconuts, mangos and bananas, accounting for ninety percent of the volume of agricultural production and 79% of its value. Colima synonyms, Colima pronunciation, Colima translation, English dictionary definition of Colima. There are also about 3,000 hectares dedicated to fish farming. [21], With the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence, authorities arrested the head of Indian communities along with suspected insurgents in October 1810. [10][22] Commercially productive forest stands at about 108,225 hectares with about sixty percent of the trees salable. The last decades have seen a new wave of industrial construction with the building of facilities for businesses such as Cementos Apasco, Citrojugo, Brun Foods, Embotelladora de Tecomán, Consorcio Minero Benito Juárez-Peña Colorada, Grupo Agroindustrial de Occidente, AMTEX and others. [21], There is one other site called Periquillo, which indicates one late migration into Colimas around the 10th century from the north. Most of Colima lies on a hot, humid coastal plain, but conditions are drier and [11] Natural geography divides the state into a northern and southern region. Collimator - A collimator is a device which narrows a beam of particles or waves. One is artificial, located in the interior port of San Pedrito and the other located in the bay proper. Villages on the sides of the Cerro Grande are the principal producers of baskets made from reeds and palm fronds. It shares its name wi its caipital an main ceety, Colima. Most livestock production is in the north of the state due to climate, and also includes pigs, goats and sheep. [26] However, it is not as well known or as well visited as other Pacific destinations such as Puerto Vallarta, despite long sandy beaches and docks for cruise ships. [35], Other important attractions include a number of former haciendas, many of which have been renovated. It is on the Pacific coast, less than two hours' drive from the capital. Irish Baby Names Meaning: In Irish Baby Names the meaning of the name Alma is: All good. There is great diversity of wildlife species although a number of mammal species, such as ocelots, pumas, wild boar and deer, are disappearing. Annual Weather Averages Near Colima. The agricultural production supports an agro-industry that attracts workers from neighboring Jalisco and Michoacán. Nearby are two large private marinas, one in Las Hadas and the other at Isla Navidad. The main stairwell contains a mural by Colima painter Jorge Chávez Carrillo. The state is named after the capital city of Colima. The most important of these is the Cerro Grande and its related peaks of Jurípicho-Juluapan, Los Juanillos, La Astilla, El Ocote, El Peón, El Barrigón, San Diego, and La Media Luna. Over 95% of the state's population is Catholic with small communities of other Christian groups making up the rest. The Revillagigedo Islands, of volcanic origin, are dispersed along the 19° north parallel over an area of about 400 km2—with a total landmass of 205 km2. Images of Huehueteotl and Tlaloc appear with this culture, which may indicate the origins of the cultures that ultimately settled central Mexico. The other interpretation is "place in the hands of the ancestors." These forests are mostly rainforest, with some areas of holm oak. Fish production has increased considerably since the 1980s. Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Colima surname lived. [47][49] Both the Periquillo and Chanal sites were occupied when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century. It was designed to facilitate in-state transportation and connect the state better to the rest of Mexico. In 1861, the Revillagigedo Islands were added to Colima’s territory. Colli means either ancestors or volcano, and maitl means domain of. [10], The predominant climate is hot and relatively moist, with the coast particularly moist. Bird species include wild turkeys, although these have mostly disappeared, and a bird called the chachalaca. The Palacio Federal is near Jardín Núñez in the city of Colima and dates from the beginning of the 20th century. There are 14 military records available for the last name Colima. In 1867, Republican troops under Ramon Corona retook the city. [37], Colima has a number of important local festivals and other annual events. Candlemas is an important event in Tecomán with traditional dances and fair. Information and translations of volcan de colima in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Suchitlán in the municipality of Comala is distinguished by its production of masks and other accessories for festivals and ceremonies. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more. It is a ceremonial center with various temples and pyramidal platforms with rounded edges. In 1821 the Plan of Iguala for Mexican independence was proclaimed in the city, and accepted by local authorities. The upper floor contains murals with scenes depicting Mexico City and portraits of people from Mexico's history. It was an early base for the Spanish conquest of the Pacific coast. The main aspect of the plan was the construction of highways such as the highway that connects Manzanillo to Guadalajara and then onto Tampico. Tecomán is located in what has been an agricultural valley since the colonial era, today best known for its production of limes. The state has fourteen newspapers mostly in the city of Colima and Manzanillo,[23] including: Correo de Manzanillo, Diario de Colima, and Ecos de la Costa. It is also known for late evening meals called cenadurias that typically feature sopes, enchiladas, tostadas, pozole, atole, and tamales. Most of the state's recent economic development has been related to this port. [13] The last major eruptions of the Colima Volcano occurred in 1998 and 1999. On the Tuesday after Epiphany is the "Entrance of the Señor de la Expiración" in Rancho de Villa. Much of the institution's current size and offering is due to growth in the 1980s, and during that time its reputation in Mexico and abroad increased. [47], After the Conquest, the native population was reduced drastically. Mexico's most active volcano, it erupted explosively in 1991 and 2005. It is also one of three Mexican states where the tarantula species Brachypelma hamorii is found, the other two being Michoacán and Jalisco. [44], The state has 1,424.5 km of roadway with 686.9 km paved with asphalt and the rest stone or dirt road. As a last name Colima was the 61,585 th most popular name in 2010. El acto de hermanamiento de la ciudad de Colima con San Cristóbal de La Laguna se celebra el próximo 2 de mayo. The other interpretation is "place in the hands of the ancestors. Colima, capital of Colima state, west-central Mexico. noun 1. a state of SW Mexico, on the Pacific coast: mainly a coastal plain, rising to the foothills of the Sierra Madre, with important mineral resources. The last major battle against pirates at Manzanillo was in 1615 with Captain Sebastián Vizcaino defending the port against Dutch pirate Joris van Speilbergen. Most of the merchandise that passes through here is part of the trade between Mexico and Asia. By the end of the 16th century, it lost the Motines region, now part of Michoacán and in the 19th century the Xilotlán region to Jalisco. Most facilities produce beverages, metal structures, canned foods, cereals, furniture, printed materials, building supplies and dairy products. Fishing is concentrated on the coastline in ocean waters of about 641 km2 as well as in 8,350 hectares of lagoons and 2,032 inland bodies of waters. Mining is next in importance, with production of iron, mostly from the Peña Colorada, the largest deposit in the country. This interpretation would then be "place where the waters bend."[48]. In 1796, Colima was converted into a sub delegation of the province of Guadalajara. The Spanish contributed bullfighting and charreada. In 1550, Colima lost the provinces of Autlán and Amula. It extends from the Boca de Apiza to the Cerro de San Francisco in front of Barra de Navidad, Jalisco. The former Nogueras hacienda in Comala has a main house that dates from the 19th century and a chapel from the 17th. Other commercial species include huachinangos, red porgy, combers, wahoo, and mojarra. For its capital, see, Instituto Autónomo de Educación Superior de Tecomán, Instituto Superior de Educación Normal de Colima, "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Colima", "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. With the creation of Nueva Galicia in 1531, Colima lost its territories north of the Cihuatlán or Marabasco River and the region south of Lake Chapala. One accused insurgent was José Antonio Díaz, the parish priest of Almoloyán and friend of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. [37], The Feria de Manzanillo occurs from 29 April to 1 May and celebrates the anniversary of its designation as a major port (Puerto de Altura). Some historians agree that the word Colima comes from Colliman, the name by which was known the old kingdom that dominated this coastal region. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure. [41], The most important transportation hub in the state is the port of Manzanillo, handling 91.3% of the shipping of the state and the immediate region. In 1919, President Venustiano Carranza created the Sociedad Cooperativa de Salineros in the city of Colima with the exclusive rights to extract salt from Cuyutlán Lake. This was 100% of all the recorded Colima's in the USA. View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Colima. Insurgents took back the city in 1812 under the command of Ignacio Sandoval and Miguel Gallaga. [21], Federal intervention from Mexico City continued into the 1920s, with a number of laws to reform schools, hospitals and other institutions, which before had been mostly operated by the Catholic Church. Colima, Nevado de Colima, Volcan de Colima (noun) an active volcano in southwestern Mexico • COLIMA (noun) Sense 1. The altitude varies from sea level to 3,839 m (12,595 ft) at the crater of the Volcán de Colima. It is the largest producing municipality for the business sector and tourism in the state of Colima. [38], The state has produced one internationally famous artist named Alejandro Rangel Hidalgo. [10], Colima has a relatively short coastline, at 139 km (1.2% of Mexico's total). On the Tecomán municipality coast there are the lagoons of Alcuzahua and Amela, with the Cuyutlán lagoon split between the municipalities of Armería and Manzanillo. The state is named after the capital city of Colima. [32], Handcrafts in the state are mostly produced for local needs rather than the tourist market. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Colima. The capital remains the state's economic, political and cultural center.[21][22][23]. [19] Today, 89% live in urban areas, above the national average of 78%. [21][47] In 1527, Francisco Cortés de San Buenaventura moved the Spanish settlement to its current located and changing the name to San Sebastián de Colima. These include commercially important trees such as red cedar, caobilla (Couratara guianensis), parota (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)—and trees locally known as primavera, rosa morada, habillo, payolo, pelillo, barsino, and salatón. In addition to being the main lime producer, the Tecoman Valley also produces cocoa, cotton, coconuts, mangos, papaya, avocados and melons. It was prompted mostly by road congestion due to port shipping in Manzanillo as well as the growing tourism sector. [37][38] The Ley de Cultos (Religion Law) of 1926 gave rise to the Cristero War pitting those favoring the Catholic Church against those favoring agrarian and socialist reform. The telegraph arrived to the state in 1869 to connect the capital and the port of Manzanillo. The San Antonio hacienda is in the municipality of Comala. Other important crops include corn, rice, melons, sorghum, chili peppers, coffee, tomatoes and tomatillos. However, this growth has slowed due to family planning programs. Manzanillo is mostly popular with regional tourists and sports fishermen, but there have been efforts to broaden its appeal. It dates from the early 20th century and was home to the Escuela de Artes Aplicadas. A third interpretation is based … The abundance of this fish along with marlin has made it a popular destination with sports fishermen and the city holds the annual Dorsey International fishing tournament. During the war, the city of Colima was taken by the insurgents Jose Antonio Torres at the end of 1810 without resistance and taken back by the royalist army in 1811. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Colima. Later the port would be a target for pirates as the Manila galleons would unload materials from the Spanish East Indies here. View Census data for Colima | Data not to scale. [26] The Miguel de la Madrid airport was opened in 1987, twenty-two km outside the capital. This glyph is still used in the state's seal. [25] In the state, 96% have running water, 82% have sewerage and 98% have electricity. It is believed to be a relative of the Chihuahua and/or the Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle). Some histians agree that the word Colima comes from Colliman, the name by which was known the old kingdom that dominated this coastal region. [38] On 29 September Tamala, municipality of Ixtlahuacán celebrates the feast of the Archangel Michael with a change of "mayordomos" (festival sponsors). (0) A volcano, 4,340 m (14,239 ft) high, of west-central Mexico. [23], The University of Colima was founded in 1940, following the educational philosophy of President Lázaro Cárdenas meant to provide higher education to the poorer classes. There are 364 census records available for the last name Colima. Colima, a Nahuatl origin word, where "Col" means radical colli grandfather meaning his "ma" as radical Maitla hand resulting in: "place is in the hands of his grandfather, where grandfather could be read as the volcano" or "the place is in the hands of the ancestors". Meanings Celtic Baby Names Meaning: In Celtic Baby Names the meaning of the name Alma is: Good. [14], The main rivers of the state are the Cihuatlán (also called the Chacala, Marabasco, or Paticajo)—which forms the state's border with Jalisco on the west; the Armería, which descends from the Sierra de Cacoma and crosses the state north-south into the Pacific, and the Coahuayana River. These originated in the colonial period, along with moros y cristianos and matachines. Colima, Mexico. This highway was amplified at the end of the decade and made a toll road on approach to Manzanillo. Just under 90% of those who start middle school finish. Many of the state's streams and arroyos empty into the Salado. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Colima census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Colima is Saturday, November 5th, 1870. The formal name of the state is "Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima" (Free and Sovereign State of Colima). The Nevado de Colima is taller at 4,271 m (14,013 ft) and gives its name to the national park that surrounds it. It is a complex of pyramid platforms with stairs, a Mesoamerican ballcourt and a number of plazas. At least one of the platforms was used as a mausoleum with the tomb inside still visible. In 1818, a strong earthquake sent many from nearby San Francisco to the area, and it was renamed San Francisco de Almoloyan. Its status as a state was reaffirmed by the 1857 Mexican Constitution and General Manuel Alvarez was declared its first constitutional governor. The Salado is another important river, which flows entirely within Colima before emptying into the Coahuayana. [11][20] By 1980, the majority of the state's population was living in urban centers. The main providers of post graduate education are the University of Colima and ITESM-Colima. Comala people perfected burnished red pottery and created representations of people and animals with skill and fluid lines. Early HistoryLittle is known about Colima’s early history except that the Otomi, Nahuatl, Tolteca, Chichimeca and Tarasca cultures flourished there between approximately 2000 B.C and 1000 A.D.When the Spanish arrived in the area around 1525, much of West Mexico was under the political control of the Kingdom of Tzintuntzan, which was the second largest and most powerful Mesoamerican Empire. 1 a state of SW Mexico, on the Pacific coast: mainly a coastal plain, rising to the foothills of the Sierra Madre, with important mineral resources. The Colima Volcano, also called the Volcán de Fuego, is active and the Nevado de Colima is not. It was a coffee plantation from the 19th century, with a chapel and aqueduct, which have all been restored. [21], However, Colima would lose territory during the colonial period to 1822, and further into the 19th century. Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree, This page needs Javascript enabled in order to work properly. kō-lē'mä. [33] Villa de Álvarez produces decorative objects in fine wood. [26] The port area is not fully developed, with over 130 hectares reserved for expansion. The fishing industry in the state supports a canning industry mostly for tuna, shrimp and octopus along with the freezing of fish filets. 70,249 visited during that period. These costumes include “Indian” dresses decorated with cross stitch. [21], In 1824, with Mexico's first constitution, Colima was an independent territory of Mexico, However, it was integrated with Michoacán later in 1837. [24], Manzanillo is the state's primary port and tourist destination. The Colima Volcano, 3825 m (12,549 ft), has a pyramidal peak, in contrast to the other, which has been leveled somewhat. During this time the elements that characterize the pre-Hispanic peoples of Colima appear, including shaft tombs and a distinctive ceramic style called rojo bruñido, or burnished red. These are under federal jurisdiction but are considered part of the municipality of Manzanillo.[10]. The longest runway is 2.3 km long. Coat of Arms: The coat of arms bears a hieroglyph (a picture with special meaning) in the form of an arm. To the west Colima borders the Pacific Ocean. Colima History. It lies along the Colima River in the Sierra Madre foothills. [23] Playa de Oro has flights to and from destinations in Mexico, the United States and Canada. The Paspaques of Suchitlán—an agricultural ritual of pre-Hispanic origin—is celebrated by the Nahuas of this small village on 19 March. Comala, Mexico. The valley lakes are fed by the runoff from the Colima Volcano and include the Carrizalillo, Las Cuatas, El Jabalí, El Calaboso, La María and La Escondida. It was designated a city in 1991. Classified under: Nouns denoting spatial position. The state is also known for the production of handcrafted furniture, especially those based on the designs of Alejandro Rangel Hidalgo, from Comala. Most crafts and dances of the state are of indigenous origin although some originated after the Conquest. The last is between the Salado and Naranjo or Coahuayana Rivers and contains small mountain chains such as the Piscila, Volcancillos, La Palmera, El Camichín and Copales. Colima (koh-LEE-mah) is a state in western Mexico. One of the first introduced crops was cacao in the 16th century, with coconut, sugar cane, and cotton coming after. On the coast, the average temperature varies from between 24 and 26 C and inland, at the highest elevations, the temperature averages between 20 and 22 C.[10], Cropland covers 27% of the state's territory, with another 28% dedicated to pasture. Another popular dance is called apaches. [21], Revillagigedo Archipelago was discovered 1533 by Hernando de Grijalva. [23] However, only about 12% of the state's population has a university level education and 26% have not finished primary school or have had no schooling at all. A hurricane devastated the state in 1959. Between 1972 and 1995, in the United States, Colima life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1988, and highest in 1992. It was a cattle ranch from the 19th century, and has been restored. The mildest climates are in the municipalities of Comala and Cuauhtémoc. [37] Candlemas in Suchitlán is the most important annual event in the region, celebrated with dances such as Los Gallitos, Los Apaches and Los Morenos. Its influence stretched from t… Historically, the port was the point of departure for various maritime expeditions and received the annual Manila Galleon from the Philippines. [19], The city of Colima is the capital and gives the state its name. You respect nature and the grandeur of the universe. After this, the Tecos conquered Sayula, Zapotlán and Amunla, making them the dominant cultural group in this part of the state. This roadway has broken Mexican records in the dimensions of its bridges. The Plan Colima was conceived and executed to improve the general infrastructure of the state during the 1980s by then Mexican president Miguel de la Madrid. The name Cosima is a girl's name of Greek origin meaning "order, beauty". In 1940, Laborer was the top reported job for people in the US named Colima. [38] Pastorelas are most commonly seen during December between the feast day of the Virgin of Guadalupe (12 December) and Christmas. In 1821, Colima lost the Zapotlán areas along with the towns of Tecalitlán and Xilotlán, but gained the town of Tonila. As you may see, the words Colliman and Coli'motl had the same origin and its meaning is explained bellow. "[35][36], Most of the other attractions of the state are related to its history, and most of these are in and around the capital city of Colima. [27] It also operates as an overflow port for the commercial and industrial zones of western Mexico, the Bajío area and the center of Mexico, but handles overflow from as far as Los Angeles. [21] Colima became a diocese independent of Guadalajara in 1881. See more. It extends over 386 hectares with runways that cover 16,200m2. Cierre del peso mexicano", "Infraestructura Social y de Comunicaciones", "Reportan saldo blanco tras vacaciones en Colima", "Costumbres, fiestas y tradiciones (Colima)", "Alejandro Rangel Hidalgo – Universal artist from Colima", University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries, "52 ejecutados en Colima en cuatro meses". Find your family's origin in the United States, average life expectancy, most common occupation, and more. [23] Just under 95% of Colima's commercial enterprises are retail outlets with 5.6% involved in wholesale. [21], Much of the history of the latter 20th century into the present revolves around economic development. Dances with indigenous roots include sonajera india and morenos. [23], Much of the state's tourism centers on its beaches in Manzanillo, and in the municipalities of Armería and Tecomán. In 1911, troops loyal to Francisco I. Madero entered Colima and suspended the state congress. The second most important connects Manzanillo with Guadalajara. This is significantly higher than previous years with most of these occurring in Colima, Villa de Alvarez and Manzanillo.[51]. The average life expectancy for Colima in 1972 was 75, and 59 in 1995. It is held with street parties, dances, contests, and jaripeos. Climate data and weather averages in Colima. Cuyutlan, Mexico. Colima's territory includes the Revillagigedo Islands—Socorro, San Benedicto, Clarión, and Roca Partida. Colima City - Colima (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈlima]) is a city that is the capital of the Colima state and the seat of Colima municipality, located in central−western Mexico. Just over half of these are located in the city of Colima, with about 19% in Villa de Alvarez and eleven percent in Tecomán. Commercial sales increase by about five percent per year. One exception is the Tecomán municipality where the climate is dry and very hot. Capital: Colima. Around 500 CE, another site in Armería developed along the river of the same name. 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See how Colima families moved over time by selecting different census years Ocean coastline former haciendas, many of platforms. Through cable counted with the city to scale began around 500 BCE Dávalos and Felipe Sevilla ] is... Simply start with a length of 450 meters and 225 meters wide for a surface of 10,125m2,... Coli'Motl had the highest population of Colima is the colima name meaning Entrance of the 's! Pre-Hispanic cultures as part of the charming, modern, and utilities employ 18.5 % of Mexico, somewhat... ) de Colima is Saturday, November 5th, 1870 the country of Guadalajara city, and attractions! Alvarez was declared its first constitutional governor, 1870 as the highway that connects Manzanillo to Guadalajara and then Tampico! Decreased in the state, 96 % have electricity power of one person over all others reduction led the... The nation 's average of 78 % efforts to broaden its appeal in 1881 the ability speak... Of 2005, some 2,880 people were counted with the Miramar and the other interpretation is `` in! Station with programming coming from Mexico city and portraits of people and animals with skill fluid... Of holm oak Thomas Cavendish the charming, modern, and celebrated with horse races, mojigangas traditional. Of holm oak subdelegation of Guadalajara pass through a target for pirates as the highway that Manzanillo. Major eruptions of the trees salable of territory would define the area 's development is called Volcán. Important attractions include a number of former haciendas, many of the state consists of the trade Mexico... At 139 km ( 1.2 % of the first name Colima has produced one internationally famous artist named Rangel! Bases and plazas with structures often containing rounded edges reduced drastically first recorded the. Plants that lose leaves do so in the dry season period, Colima distinguished craft the. 1911, troops loyal to Francisco I. Madero entered Colima and Guadalajara grow by double.. The Brothers of Saint John of the population finishes primary school limes in Mexico, border! The Valley of Colima and dates from the early 20th century and was home to a number of important festivals. A relatively short coastline, at the very north of the university 's majors are concentrated in the States... That connects Manzanillo to Guadalajara and then onto Tampico 1987, twenty-two km outside the capital of... Craft is the primary producer of limes in Mexico, the most popular name 2010. 4.7 % of the state 's population is mestizo ( mixed indigenous Spanish... 1861, the city of Colima ) King or Great Lord that ruled fair...

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