Springfield Hampden County, Massachusetts. Springfield, Massachusetts, was founded in 1636 as Agawam Plantation, after a nearby village of Algonkian-speaking Native Americans. [77] That year, the Massachusetts State Legislature set a maximum height for buildings in Springfield – at 125 feet (38 m) – the height of 1200 Main Street, and also the height of Court Square's Old First Church's steeple. From this point onward, precision manufacturing companies, which had long provided Springfield's economic base and were also the driving factor behind its famous creativity, left the city for places with lower taxes. [65], See: List of tallest buildings in Springfield, Massachusetts, As of 2011, Springfield's skyline features relatively fewer skyscrapers than most of its peer cities. Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places: 1920", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2018 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018", "Are Finance Control Boards the Answer to Job Loss, Shrinking Revenues, and Grinding Decline : The Springfield, Massachusetts and Camden, New Jersey Cases", "The picturesque city, Springfield, Massachusetts; a series of forty views showing the picturesque side of this "city of homes, "SPRINGFIELD, MA Technical Assistance Panel (TAP)", "$400 million needed for Interstate 91 overhaul in Springfield", "Springfield Redevelopment Authority: Springfield Redevelopment Authority", "America's Gay Friendly Cities « Lux Millionaire", "Great houses at great prices in a GLBT-friendly city - Springfield, Massachusetts", "Articles that mention Knowledge Corridor", "Springfield Municipal Group Campanile, Springfield, U.S.A.", "United States Federal Courthouse, Safdie Architects, world architecture news, architecture jobs", "» Urban development author: 'Skyscrapers are over, "Springfield Panel : Urban Land Institute", "US Airways Magazine / The Magazine That Connects You", "City of Springfield, Mass. The Clerk's office processes zoning ordinances, special permits, financial transfers, and ordinances, collects fines for non-criminal violations of certain ordinances, and records births, deaths, and marriages. (The automobile had not yet been invented, so Goodyear patented his rubber stamp rather than tires, for which he later became known). Camp Wilder YMCA 1492 Parker Street Springfield, MA. [70][71], During the late 1960s, the elevated, 8-lane Interstate 91 was constructed on Springfield's riverfront – effectively blocking Springfielders' access to "The Great River." Barracks, shops, storehouses, and a magazine were built, but no arms were manufactured. Day sent a note postponing the attack to both Shays and Parsons; however, it never reached them. Springfield is the actual or alternate city name associated with 21 ZIP Codes by the US Postal Service.. During Springfield's resurgence in the new millennium, prominent architects – like Moshe Safdie, who built the $57 million, 2008 U.S. Federal Court Building; Gwathmey Siegel & Associates, who built the $47 million, 2004 Basketball Hall of Fame; and TRO Jung Brannen, who are building the $110 million, 2012 adaptive reuse of Springfield's original Technical High School – adapted to Springfield's human-scale to a create monumental buildings rather than attempting to "achieve monumentalism through over-scaling," as has happened in other cities. Save. Copyright 1969, Town of West Springfield, Massachusetts. As of 2011, the exact spot where the first game took place is memorialized by an illuminated monument. The 2010 Census indicates that Springfield now ranks tenth among all U.S. cities with 5.69 same-sex couples per thousand. [98] Springfield is considered to have a "mature" economy, built on primarily healthcare, higher education, transportation, and to an extent, a still existent precision manufacturing center, (e.g. Skip to Main Content Accessibility ... Springfield, MA Hampden County As of Wed, Jan 13, 2021, 1:53 PM EST. Hillcrest Park Cemetery. [28] Following the Siege of Springfield, serious thought was given to abandoning the village of Springfield and defecting to nearby towns; however, residents of Springfield endured the winter of 1675 under siege conditions. During the 1980s and 1990s, Springfield developed a new reputation for crime, political corruption, and cronyism. [82] Aside from overspending and gross inequities in State funding, other observers of Springfield's fiscal crisis noted a weak economy, years of incompetent management, and corruption in city government. In 1642, Massachusetts Bay commissioned a definable border to be drawn up, one of the first in what is now America. At that time, the arsenal stored muskets, cannons, and other weapons; it also produced paper cartridges. Samuel Adams wanted the Regulators "put to death immediately." The Hendee Manufacturing Company, Indian's parent company, also manufactured other products such as aircraft engines, bicycles, boat motors, and air conditioners. Menu & Reservations Make Reservations . The Indians retained foraging and hunting rights and the rights to their existing farmlands, and were granted the right to compensation if the English cattle ruined their corn crops. Each contributor can upload a maximum of 5 photos for a cemetery. It was the northernmost settlement of the Connecticut Colony. No musket fire took place. Currently, many Springfielders are enthused at the prospect of finally being reunited with the Mill River, and especially the Connecticut River. Tensions between Springfield and Connecticut were exacerbated by one final confrontation in 1640. Our complete calling resource guide instantly gives you the the Springfield area code and local time to help you make your long distance call to Springfield, Massachusetts. Opening Hours. Springfield also sits on some of the northeastern United States' most fertile soil. Springfield Genealogy (in Hampden County, MA) USA (1,111,225) > Massachusetts (39,382) > Hampden County (2,569) > Springfield (620) Note: This page primarily lists records kept at the city level. [19] On reaching what would become Springfield, Mason threatened the Pocumtucs with war if they did not sell their corn at "reasonable prices." Debris from Cathedral was found roughly 43 mi (69 km) away in Millbury, Massachusetts. File:Hampden County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Springfield highlighted.svg. Find Springfield, Massachusetts YMCAs. A Springfield Property Records Search locates real estate documents related to property in Springfield, Massachusetts. Its traditional county seat is Springfield, the Connecticut River Valley's largest city, and economic and cultural capital; with an … Immediately, Duryeas were purchased by luminaries of the times, such as George Vanderbilt. The coordinates that you can use in navigation applications to get to find Chick E Dee's quickly are 42.1411461 ,-72.4944188 Despite the National Urban Land Institute's Plan's success, following the Massachusetts' Finance Board 's departure from Springfield in June 2009, the National ULI Plan was disregarded by Mayor Domenic Sarno, who purged City Hall of most of its (Boston-based) staff, which oversaw Springfield's comeback. At America's first witch trial, both Mary and Hugh Parsons were found not guilty of witchcraft for want of satisfactory evidence. [4] Chief and Scout models were the company's best sellers from the 1920s to the 1950s. The Massachusetts Department Of Labor, located in Springfield, MA, develops employment opportunities for Hampden County workers, improves the competitiveness of the workforce, and ensures fair labor practices. Indeed, between 1953 and 1958, to make way for Interstate 91, West Springfield's Riverdale Road was widened and added on to, and businesses were moved. [8] Governor Bradford of Massachusetts writes that in Windsor (the site of the Dutch trading post), "of 1,000 of [the Indians] 150 of them died." For example, the United States' first commercial radio station was founded in Springfield in 1921, WBZ, broadcasting from Springfield's most luxurious hotel, the Hotel Kimball. The Community Foundation of Western Massachusetts has given MassHire Springfield Career Center $40 Kevin Lynn 2020-05-22T12:48:50-04:00 MassHire Springfield Responds To Changing Demand The historian Charles Barrows speculates that prior to carrying out the attack, they sent messengers to Hartford to encourage facilitate the escape of the Agawam hostages being held there. Over the course of the next several weeks, the rebels were dispersed; however, skirmishes continued for approximately a year thereafter. Springfield is the largest city on the Connecticut River, New England's longest river, and the county seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. [92][93][94], Since 1997, U.S. and local crime statistics indicate that Springfield experienced a decrease in both violent crime and property crime, with both falling over 50%. Also, throughout Springfield, I-91 was constructed as an elevated highway, which blocked all riverfront views in downtown. In Massachusetts, Springfield is ranked 204th of 585 cities in Private Schools per capita, and 165th of 585 cities in Private Schools per square mile. Connecticut, which was then dependent largely on trade with Boston, immediately dropped its tax on Springfield.[18]. Springfield. General Shepard had requested permission from U.S. Secretary of Defense Henry Knox to use the weaponry in the Arsenal, because technically its firepower belonged to the United States, and not the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. During the 1960s, I-91 was constructed over the areas affected by the great floods. In 2005, a group of Native people from the Nipmuc Nation in Worcester performed a rededication ceremony of the "Stockade." [33][34][35] Throughout its history, Springfield has been a center of commercial invention, ideological progress, and technological innovation. List of Springfield Private Schools. Indeed, Springfield's role in the abolitionist movement was far greater than the city's population at the time, (approximately 20,000 before the separation of Chicopee). By the 1870s the endeavor had become the Springfield and New London Railroad. Mailing address P.O. Geographic Information System (GIS) 4 bds, 1 ba, 1,015 sqft - House for sale; 7 days on Zillow. The Springfield Metropolitan Area is one of the two metropolitan areas in Massachusetts – the other is Greater Boston. List of Springfield YMCAs. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 8.9 miles away from the Springfield city center killed 3 people and injured 500 people and caused between $50,000,000 and $500,000,000 in damages. The Congress authorized troops to put down the rebellion; however, the government insisted that it was for fighting Indians in Ohio. [114] In Springfield, the tornado completely destroyed over 100 homes, made countless others structurally unsound or uninhabitable, and caused other structures deemed hazardous to be quickly demolished. However, Sixteen Acres' newer homes did not weather the tornado any better than did Springfield's famous Victorians. [65], Throughout the latter half of the 20th century, Springfield endured a protracted decline, accelerated by the decommission of the Springfield Armory in 1969. [104] That proposal was an approximately $1 billion investment [105] shared with the State of Connecticut and the U.S. Federal Government in the New Haven-Hartford-Springfield commuter rail line. Public Property Records provide information on land, homes, and commercial properties in Springfield, including titles, property deeds, mortgages, property tax assessment records, and other documents. [1], Springfield flourished as a trading post and agricultural center, at the expense of its Native inhabitants. Possibly because these members, a Native man named Toto, who lived between Springfield and Hartford in Windsor and was connected to the English Wolcott family, learned of and warned the English about the impending attack. [73], In 2010, the Urban Land Institute released a plan that proposed several different options for re-configuring Interstate 91. [83], The city's financial problems had already resulted in wage freezes for city workers, cuts in city services, layoffs, and various city fee increases; however, on June 30, 2004, the Massachusetts General Court granted control of the city (including financial, personnel, and real estate matters) to the Springfield Finance Control Board. Noted not only for its intensity but also for the length of its continuous damage path – approximately 39 miles. List of Springfield YMCAs. The convention produced twenty-one articles – 17 were grievances, necessitating radical changes to Massachusetts' State Constitution. The population was 28,391 at the 2010 census. The 1953 plan called for I-91 to connect with Springfield via several state-of-the-art bridges. The rear of Shays's army ran, leaving his Captain James White "casting a look of scorn before and behind," and then fled. The armies were commanded by, respectively, Daniel Shays, whose army was camped in nearby Palmer, Massachusetts; Luke Day, whose army was camped across the Connecticut River in West Springfield, Massachusetts; and Eli Parsons, whose army was camped just north of Springfield in Chicopee, Massachusetts. In 1640 and 1641, two events took place that forever changed the political boundaries of the Connecticut River Valley. The history of Springfield, Massachusetts springs in large part from its favorable geography, situated on a steep bluff overlooking the Connecticut River's confluence with three tributaries. Less than a mile eastward, large sections of Springfield College and the Old Hill neighborhood were completely destroyed, as were hundreds of homes in East Forest Park, an upper-middle-class neighborhood. "After a Tornado, Shock: 'This Doesn't Happen in Massachusetts. However, Mary was found guilty of murdering her own child, but died in prison in 1651, before her death sentence could be carried out. Note: This page primarily lists records kept at the city level. Barney Family Mausoleum. The Agawam fort outside of Springfield was on Long Hill, although it is commonly (incorrectly) believed that it stood in a modern-day park called “King Philip’s Stockade.” These sites were excavated in the 19th and 20th centuries by anthropologists, who, as previously noted, took cultural objects and human remains and displayed them for years in area museums. With the passage of the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) in 1990, a long process of repatriation began. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 153,060. In 1645, 46 years before the Salem witch trials, Springfield experienced America's first accusations of witchcraft when Mary (Bliss) Parsons accused a widow named Marshfield, who had moved from Windsor to Springfield, with witchcraft—an offense then punishable by death. Nearly all Springfielders – from its wealthiest merchants to its influential newspaper publisher – supported abolitionism. By January 1787, thousands of men from Western Massachusetts, Eastern New York, Vermont, and Connecticut had joined the Regulators; however, many were scattered across the expanse of Western Massachusetts. [29] Some histories mark the end of the war with the death of Metacom in the summer of 1676, however the conflict extended into present-day Maine, where the Wabanakis fought the English to a truce. The ULI's study and subsequent 'Plan for Springfield' resulted in significant improvements throughout Springfield's Metro Center, a dramatic citywide drop-off in crime, and a viable course for the city's continued resurgence. "Give Me Liberty! In 1873, America's first postcard was invented in Springfield by the Morgan Envelope Factory. [54][55], The Duryeas were joined in Springfield's automobile industry in 1900 by Skene, (which disappeared shortly after), and Knox Automobile, which survived until 1927. Springfield, which had once been a primarily Caucasian city, (featuring large populations of English, Irish, Italian, French Canadian, and Polish residents) with a steady 15% Black minority is now evenly split between Caucasians and Hispanics, primarily of Puerto Rican descent. During the building's construction, the Monarch Life Insurance Company filed for bankruptcy; however, the graceful, mirrored tower still bears the former company's name despite being owned by Peter Pan Bus. 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